and God calleth to the light 'Day,' and to the darkness He hath called 'Night;' and there is an evening, and there is a morning—day one. Genesis 1:5 YLT
The phrases 'And God called the light day' and 'He called the darkness night' delineate the division of a full divine day. In other words, from the perspective of the rotation of the sun to mark a day, no matter your geographical location on earth, darkness is night and daylight is day, no matter how wide the clock time difference may be between daylight and darkness.
We also read that 'there was an evening and there was a morning', which is a phrase that further breaks down and shades more light in the delineation of the day. The divine day starts in the evening. It is easy to differentiate between night, day, and morning. But what time does morning start? What time does evening start?
The morning part of the day is not an issue in explaining the timing of the death and resurrection of Jesus, but evening is.
If evening time is clear for you, it was not clear for me because of how we use 'evening' and 'night' in our language in greeting. It took me time to get to understand that evening is not darkness which defines or marks night. When we salute someone during the 'darkness' portion of the day, we start the dialogue by saying 'good evening!' instead of 'good night!'. 'Good night' is used as a good night wish at the end of the dialogue.
The delineation of evening, night, and morning matters because believers in the God of Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, and Moses start the sabbath day at or when darkness is imminent. The religious error when we start the Sabbath day at sunset arises from the fact that the unit 'day' of Genesis does not start with darkness. We do not read 'there was a night and there was a morning' to mark the divine day. But we do read that there was 'an evening'.
What is clear is that the appearance of darkness (night) marks the end of evening. So, when we read in the Bible about an event occurring in the evening, we must keep in mind that the event occurred in the last hours of the daylight part of the day not after darkness begins.
For example, the Hebrews hurried to bury Jesus before the start of the sabbath day of the first day of unleavened bread, between the evenings within daylight time to go to Pilate to ask for the body of Jesus. Jesus died at 12 PM Roman Time not 4 PM (See the page for the breakdown of the clock hours) which is the beginning of the Hebrew first hour.
Understanding that evening ends with darkness, we must come to understand that because the divine day starts during daylight, Sabbath day necessarily starts within broad daylight not when it is getting dark at the end of the evening hours. That is the biblical record.
At what clock time do we start the Sabbath Day? See the page for the breakdown of the clock hours.
To understand the timing of the resurrection, we must identify 3 days and 3 nights (Matthew 12:40) to find the day when Jesus must have risen.
Many claim that the Jews used to or do count part of the day as a full day to explain the missing part of the '3 days and 3 nights' prediction of Jesus for the duration of his burial, but that is nonsense because the length of the Passover festivities in Moses is well defined from the 14th day to the 21st day.
Assuming that the Jews counted part of a day as a day, they could not do that during the Passover week since the length of the Passover week is well defined or delineated in the Bible: from the 14th to the 21st! We can count: 14th, 15th, 16th, 17th, 18th, 19th, 20th, 21st.
As you might be able to see, the 7 days of the week of Passover ALREADY cover 8 dates or 8 days with no possibility to count part of a day!
If Jesus died on a Friday at 12 PM during broad daylight, the 3 days of His prediction must be THE DAYLIGHT PORTION OF daylight FRIDAY, daylight SATURDAY, AND daylight SUNDAY. We could allow early morning as a day for the sake of argument.
If Jesus died on a Friday at 12 PM during broad daylight, the 3 NIGHTS of His prediction must be THE NIGHT PORTION OF FRIDAY night, SATURDAY night, AND SUNDAY night. However, there is no Sunday night in the teaching of the Sunday resurrection, which misses the full prediction of Jesus.
Those who ignore the missing Sunday evening are just like Satan who dismissed the death verdict to Eve if Eve would eat the fruit of knowledge of good and evening. We know that Eve failed because she agreed to the dismissal of Satan.
By the same token, those who teach and accept the Friday to Sunday timeline of men will also fail the exam of salvation because they fail to take into account WHATSOEVER (Matthew 28:40) that Jesus teaches, as in '3 days and 3 nights' not '3 days and 2 nights'.
Matthew 28:18-20 ASV
(18) And Jesus came to them and spake unto them, saying, All authority hath been given unto me in heaven and on earth.
(19) Go ye therefore, and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them into the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit:
(20) teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I commanded you: and lo, I am with you always, even unto the end of the world.
The true salvation of Jesus rests upon doing exactly as He teaches not doing as it pleases us in the manner of Satan.
Deuteronomy 12:8 ASV
(8) Ye shall not do after all the things that we do here this day, every man whatsoever is right in his own eyes;
in the first month, on the fourteenth of the month, between the evenings, is the Passover to Jehovah. Leviticus 23:5 YLT
in the fourteenth day of this month between the evenings ye prepare it in its appointed season; according to all its statutes, and according to all its ordinances ye prepare it.' Numbers 9:3 YLT
and they prepare the Passover in the first month , on the fourteenth day of the month, between the evenings, in the wilderness of Sinai; according to all that Jehovah hath commanded Moses, so have the sons of Israel done. Numbers 9:5 YLT
From the understanding that evening commences a new divine day, the expression 'between the evenings' expresses the necessity of 2 calendar days to make a full 24 hour biblical day.
You shall not add to the Word which I command you, nor take from it, to keep the commandments of Jehovah your God which I command you. Deuteronomy 4:2 LITV
And you shall be careful to do as Jehovah your God has commanded you. You shall not turn aside to the right hand or to the left. Deuteronomy 5:32 MKJV
But it is easier for heaven and earth to pass away than for one stroke of a letter in the Torah to become void. Luke 16:17 CJB